The latest Women in NI statistical publication was published today by the Northern Ireland Agency for Statistics and Research (NISRA).
The latest statistical publication Women in NI, published by NISRA.
The release of “Women in the Netherlands” coincides with the International Women’s Day in 2022, which is World Women’s Day, and the theme of 2022 is “break the bias.”
The publication examines the different experiences of the labor market for women and men in Northern Ireland. A characteristic feature of the labor market is a higher level of economic inactivity for women and a higher level of employment and unemployment for men. These features are explored where the publication contains estimates from the Labor Force Survey relating to the period from July 2020 to June 2021, as well as from other applicable data sources.
Fewer women are self-employed than men
- Over the past ten years, the employment rate of women in NI has been consistently lower than for men. The difference is due to lower self-employment rates of women compared to men. The number of self-employed men in 2021 is more than two and a half times the number of self-employed women.
- Women were less likely to work full time than men. In addition, approximately 60% of employed women with dependent children worked full-time compared to 94% of employed men with dependent children.
On average, women earn less than men
- The wage gap between women and men has narrowed over the last 20 years, and in 2021 women earned 5.7% less than men in the Netherlands. The largest gender pay gap in all age groups occurred in the 50-59 age group, where men earned almost £ 2.50 an hour more than women (£ 15.33 compared to £ 12.87). which is equivalent to a pay gap of 16.0%.
- A smaller proportion of women than men received wages above the real subsistence level (by 5 percentage points), and women also reported lower levels of career opportunities (by 9 percentage points).
Over the last decade, the level of economic inactivity of women has been steadily higher than that of men
- Although women’s economic inactivity has declined over the past decade, in 2021 just under a third of women of working age (30.7%) were economically inactive compared to just under a quarter of men (23.6%). The level of inactivity for women is consistently higher than for men.
- The most common cause of inactivity among women (29%) and men (36%) in 2021 was long-term illness. For women, the share of family and home care was similar and was 28%, which was the least common cause (6%) among men.
- Historically, the Northern Ireland labor market has seen higher employment and unemployment rates for men and higher rates of economic inactivity for women.
- The level of inactivity of women over the last decade is consistently higher than among men, and the difference in inactivity between men and women may be entirely due to the difference in the amount of care for family and home. If we exclude these figures from the total number of inactivity in 2021, the level of inactivity of women will be slightly lower than that of men (22.1% for women and 22.3% for men).
- Working women are less likely to be self-employed and are more likely to work part-time than men. Women who have dependent children are more likely to work full time when the youngest dependent child is of primary or secondary school age, compared to preschool children. In general, women with children of any age who are dependent are more likely to work part-time than those who do not, while for men it was the other way around.
- The higher frequency of part-time work is reflected in the quality of work indicators: a higher proportion of women working in flexible working hours than men. Data on the quality of work also show a lower proportion of women than men who earn above the real subsistence level and agree that their work provides opportunities for career growth. Women’s lower wages are also reflected in the gender pay gap. Despite the fact that the difference in the average wage has decreased over the last 20 years, it remains at 5.7% in favor of men, with the largest difference in wages in the age group 50-59 years and is 16.0% .